Deus, um Delírio by Richard Dawkins PDF

By Richard Dawkins

ISBN-10: 8535910700

ISBN-13: 9788535910704

Num pace de guerras e ataques terroristas com motivações religiosas, o movimento pró-ateísmo ganha força no mundo todo. E seu líder é o respeitado biólogo Richard Dawkins, eleito recentemente um dos três intelectuais mais importantes do mundo (junto com Umberto Eco e Noam Chomsky) pela revista inglesa Prospect. Autor de vários clássicos nas áreas de ciência e filosofia, ele sempre atestou a irracionalidade de acreditar em Deus e os terríveis danos que a crença já causou à sociedade. Agora, neste "Deus, um Delírio", seu intelecto afiado se concentra exclusivamente no assunto e mostra como a religião alimenta a guerra, fomenta o fanatismo e doutrina as crianças. O objetivo valuable deste texto mordaz é provocar: provocar os religiosos convictos, mas principalmente provocar os que são religiosos "por inércia", levando-os a pensar racionalmente e trocar sua "crença" pelo "orgulho ateu" e pela ciência. Dawkins despreza a idéia de que a religião mereça respeito especial, mesmo se moderada, e compara a educação religiosa de crianças ao abuso infantil. Para ele, falar de "criança católica" ou "criança muçulmana" é como falar de "criança neoliberal" - não faz sentido. O biólogo united states seu conceito de memes (idéias que agem como os genes) e o darwinismo para propor explicações à tendência da humanidade de acreditar num ser more advantageous. E desmonta um a um, com base na teoria das probabilidades, os argumentos que defendem a existência de Deus (ou Alá, ou qualquer tipo de ente sobrenatural), dedicando especial atenção ao "design inteligente", tentativa criacionista de harmonizar ciência e religião.

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Est-ce que la longueur du bec est plus grande que la longueur de la tête ? Un oiseau, c’est quoi ? Comment identifier un oiseau ? 41 • Pour les grands oiseaux, notez la silhouette en vol, la position du cou (tendu, replié), la forme des ailes (plutôt arrondie ou carrée au bout), leurs battements éventuels (lents, rapides, planés). • Faites aussi attention à la forme de la queue, qui peut être carrée, arrondie, échancrée, nettement fourchue, voire prolongée de longs filets sur les côtés comme chez l’Hirondelle rustique.

Chez les limicoles, l’extrémité de la mandibule supérieure est très souple, et quand la bécassine sent un ver au fond de la vase, elle peut n’ouvrir que l’extrémité du bec pour l’attraper et le remonter à la surface. ‡‡ Déterminer le sexe et l’âge Pour faciliter l’identification d’un oiseau, il est parfois utile de déterminer son sexe si l’espèce présente un dimorphisme sexuel, ou son âge si des colorations évoluent jusqu’à la maturité sexuelle. Vous trouverez ici quelques conseils pour vous aider à apprécier ces différences, sur des exemples simples ou complexes.

Pour le dessous du corps, on distinguera la poitrine, le ventre, les flancs et le dessous de la queue où sont les couvertures souscaudales. Les culottes désignent la zone emplumée de la base des pattes. Pour le dessus du corps, on pourra distinguer plusieurs parties : le prolongement de la nuque est le manteau, suivi du dos et du croupion puis de quelques rangées de couvertures sus-caudales avant les rectrices de la queue. Le bec peut présenter différentes couleurs, l’œil est parfois entouré d’un fin cercle de peau ou de plumes colorées, les pattes peuvent porter des doigts longs ou courts, fins ou digités, être palmées, etc.

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Deus, um Delírio by Richard Dawkins


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