By M. E. Sarotte
Utilizing new archival sources--including formerly mystery records of the East German mystery police and Communist Party--M. E. Sarotte is going behind the curtain of chilly warfare Germany throughout the period of d?©tente, as East and West attempted negotiation rather than disagreement to settle their variations. In facing the satan, she explores the explanations of the German Democratic Republic and its Soviet backers in responding to either the d?©tente tasks, or Ostpolitik, of West Germany and the overseas coverage of the U.S. less than President Nixon. Sarotte makes a speciality of either public and mystery contacts among the 2 halves of the German kingdom in the course of Brandt's chancellorship, exposing the cynical artifices developed by means of negotiators on either side. Her research additionally info a lot of the superpower maneuvering within the period of d?©tente, because German issues have been ever found in the minds of leaders in Washington and Moscow, and divulges the startling measure to which predicament over China formed ecu politics in this time. extra normally, facing the satan provides an illuminating case learn of the way the connection among middle and outer edge functioned within the chilly battle Soviet empire.
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Additional info for Dealing with the Devil: East Germany, Détente, and Ostpolitik, 1969-1973
26 setting the stage With his assumption of ofﬁce, political power passed into the hands of a centerleft coalition for the ﬁrst time in postwar West Germany. ∞≠∫ Without altering the strategy of Western integration established by his predecessors from the opposing conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU), he decided to augment it with a daring new approach: direct talks with Moscow, Warsaw, Prague, and—most controversially—East Berlin. Brandt felt that the interests of West Germany would be better served by a policy of ‘‘change through rapprochement’’ than by cold-shoulder confrontation.
The key statesmen—Nixon, Kissinger, Brandt, and Bahr—all shared two important traits. They were new to their jobs, and they were willing to use their new authority to take risks. For Brandt, the risk-taking took the form of public offers to negotiate with the SED regime and the Soviet Union as well as other Warsaw Pact members; in the United States, it was the less publicly trumpeted but equally important private contacts with the Soviets and Chinese. ∫Ω If these global strategic realities dictated the necessity, it was nonetheless the individuals in charge who determined the methods and pacing of détente.
Independent tradesmen found themselves losing work unless they joined cooperatives sponsored by the regime. ∞≠ As a result, the number of people ﬂeeing into West Germany increased. Between the beginning of 1961 and the second week of August that year, 155,000 residents of the GDR had registered in the West as refugees. ∞≤ The fortiﬁcations along it increased daily; soon there were guard-dog runs, mines, and watchtowers. In essence, the SED and the Soviets had claimed absolute authority over East Berlin, a claim that the three Western powers refused to recognize de jure but did not challenge de facto.
Dealing with the Devil: East Germany, Détente, and Ostpolitik, 1969-1973 by M. E. Sarotte