By Rita Krueger
Czech, German, and Noble examines the highbrow rules and political demanding situations that encouraged patriotic task one of the Bohemian the Aristocracy, the infusion of nationwide id into public and institutional lifestyles, and the function of the the Aristocracy in crafting and helping the nationwide perfect inside Habsburg Bohemia. Patriotic aristocrats created the obvious and public institutional framework that cultivated nationwide sentiment and supplied the nationwide move with a level of highbrow and social legitimacy. The ebook argues that the mutating id of the aristocracy was once tied either to lack of confidence and to a trust within the energy of technology to deal with social difficulties, dedication to the beliefs of enlightenment in addition to person and social development, and profound self belief that growth used to be inevitable and that highbrow success may retailer society. The aristocrats who helped create, endow and nationalize associations have been a serious portion of the general public sphere and worthwhile for the nationalization of public lifestyles total. The publication explores the myriad purposes for aristocratic participation in new or nationalized associations, the basic adjustments in felony and social prestige, new rules approximately civic accountability and political participation, and the wish of reform and worry of revolution. The ebook examines the sociability inside of and production of nascent nationwide associations that included essentially new methods of wondering neighborhood, tradition, festival, and standing. The argument, that category mattered to the measure that it was once beside the point, intersects with a number of very important ancient questions past theories of nationalism, together with debates approximately modernization and the sturdiness of aristocratic strength, the character of the general public sphere and sophistication, and the measurable effect of technological know-how and highbrow hobbies on social and political lifestyles.
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Extra info for Czech, German, and Noble: Status and National Identity in Habsburg Bohemia
Intellectuals saw theaters, like museums, as the accouterments of a mature national community, and the aristocracy, as an elite of means and inclination, were in a unique position to provide for culture and to protect Bohemian heritage. Importantly, it was no longer sufﬁcient for elites merely to import culture from abroad—Bohemia could never be on a par with other European nations if its own cultural production was not recognized and celebrated. This sense of promoting culture for the beneﬁt of Bohemia’s international reputation lent an additional impetus to support for Czech linguistics and literature as well as domestic artists.
For example, the Sternbergs, like many others who pursued the history of their family in Bohemia, desired an unambiguous lineage that proved the family’s unbroken association with the land. In the historical and genealogical notes of the Sternberg family that František Palacký prepared for his history of Bohemia, Palacký wrote that a member of the Sternberg family ﬁrst appeared in documents toward the end of the twelfth century as a witness to a charter issued by Bishop Henry Brˇetislav of Prague in 1194.
The eighteenth-century Bohemian aristocracy as a whole, however, considered “proper” linguistic ability, like art and the social graces, to be a matter reﬂective of education, status, and sophistication, and the place of the Czech language in this aristocratic world was unclear. 38 This Germanization was voluntary in the sense that it was not legally imposed from above, but was imbedded in the structures of aristocratic advancement and social standing. Success in the traditional avenues of aristocratic advancement, namely the military and high civil service, was predicated on German language usage.
Czech, German, and Noble: Status and National Identity in Habsburg Bohemia by Rita Krueger