Read e-book online Creole Jews: Negotiating Community in Colonial Suriname PDF

By Wieke Vink

ISBN-10: 9067183431

ISBN-13: 9789067183437

This examine provides a polished research of Surinames-Jewish identifications. the tale of the Surinamese Jews is one in every of a colonial Jewish group that turned ever extra interwoven with the neighborhood atmosphere of Suriname. Ever when you consider that their first cost, Jewish migrants from different backgrounds, each one with their very own narrative of migration and payment, have been confronted with demanding situations led to by way of this new setting; a colonial order and, in essence, a race-based slave society. a spot, additionally, that used to be always altering: economically, socially, demographically, politically and culturally. by contrast heritage, the Jewish neighborhood remodeled from a migrant neighborhood right into a settlers group. either the Portuguese and excessive German Jews followed Paramaribo as their relevant position of place of abode from the overdue eighteenth century onwards. Radical financial alterations so much significantly the decline of the Portuguese-Jewish planters category not just motivated the commercial wealth of the Surinamese Jews as a bunch, but in addition had substantial effect on their social prestige in Suriname s society. the tale of the Surinamese Jews is a chief instance of the numerous ways that a colonial atmosphere and diasporic connections positioned their stamp on lifestyle and affected the demarcation of group limitations and team identifications. The Surinamese-Jewish group debated, contested and negotiated the pillars of a Surinamese-Jewish staff id not just between themselves but in addition with the colonial experts. This booklet is predicated at the writer s dissertation."

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Additional info for Creole Jews: Negotiating Community in Colonial Suriname

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27 The exact number of poor Jews that came to Suriname as despachados is unknown, however, due to incomplete information on the wives and children that accompanied them. The second most popular destination for the despachados was Curaçao: 73 of them were sent there (De Bethencourt 1925; Robert Cohen 1982b, 1991:18-23). The Gemeentearchief Amsterdam (GA, Municipal Archives in Amsterdam) houses several lists of despachados sent away from the Portuguese Jewish community of Amsterdam to various destinations between 1759 and 1814.

Surinamese Jews debated the meaning of Jewishness and the practice of Judaism in Suriname not only among themselves, but also with the colonial authorities in both Suriname and the Netherlands. Several case studies are presented that highlight conflicts resulting from the manifold distinctions and boundaries that structured daily Surinamese Jewish life. Marrying the ‘other’ is a recurring theme in this part of the book. Although such marriages did occur occasionally, as a rule both High German and Portuguese communities strongly opposed them.

I argue that cultural differences originating from the Old World were transplanted to the New World, where their meaning was altered. In Suriname, internal differences between the Portuguese and High German communities focused increasingly on the issue of a colonial elite status – and the dilemmas such identifications raised – versus religiously defined notions of Jewishness. Chapter VIII shows how the making of Surinamese Jewishness was inextricably linked to Suriname’s changing colonial social order: issues of colour and social status became intertwined in the history of coloured Jews and their incorporation into the inner circles of the Surinamese Jewish community.

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Creole Jews: Negotiating Community in Colonial Suriname by Wieke Vink

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