By Sue Beeton
Group improvement via Tourism examines the advance of neighborhood groups during the fit integration of neighborhood making plans, company making plans and tourism making plans. It explores the main pertinent tourism and enterprise theories, relocating from strategic making plans to group empowerment and perform. Research-based case experiences are used to demonstrate how issues paintings within the genuine international, and the ways that numerous theories can and feature been utilized.
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Additional info for Community Development Through Tourism (Landlinks Press)
His work with these communities, ranging from the macro world regional level to national and micro local levels, has provided him with one of the most comprehensive and in-depth understandings of community development and tourism’s role in it. In his seminal work, Empowerment for Sustainable Tourism Development, published in 2003, Sofield demonstrates how he has moved through various theoretical paradigms as part of his own journey (Sofield 2003). He accurately summarises some of the more sociological paradigms that I have not gone into here, including post World War II development theory, modernisation theory, colonialism, dependency and underdevelopment theory through to sustainable development and community empowerment (see Sofield 2003, Chapter 2).
However, as we know, millions of destinations around the world continue to support tourism. Butler recognises that there is a stage just before the decline where destinations can intervene and pursue a range of options to reinvigorate their tourism. For example, they may increase capacity, move to encourage a different market or different ‘type’ of tourism. However, these take political will and a strong theoretical (as well as practical) understanding of the complexities of tourism development and its relationship with the host community.
This Irridex can be considered in conjunction with Butler’s TALC, where the exploratory phase on the life cycle correlates with Doxey’s euphoria and moves up along the curve to antagonism when carrying capacity is exceeded. By combining the two, we now have a model that considers what’s happening from the tourists’ and host community’s aspect as the destination life cycle progresses. 40 Tourism theories and their relevance to communities Resident–visitor relations: Acculturation and social exchange theory Where Doxey considered the cumulative effects of tourism on a community and their response in general, the theory of Social Exchange is more concerned with the interactions between hosts and guests.
Community Development Through Tourism (Landlinks Press) by Sue Beeton