By Zlatan Križan, Frederick X. Gibbons
The level to which we see ourselves as related or diverse from others in our lives performs a key position in getting alongside and taking part in social lifestyles. This quantity identifies examine appropriate to such communal capabilities of social comparisons and summarizes and organizes this examine inside a unmarried, coherent conceptual framework. the quantity presents a big addition to present puzzling over social comparability, which has frequently ignored communal and affiliative services. while human wish to evaluate with others has generally been considered as inspired through self-centered wishes similar to self-evaluation, self-enhancement, and self-improvement, this publication provides an eclectic cross-section of analysis that illuminates connective, cooperative, and participatory features of social comparisons. during this vein, the publication goals either to reveal study on presently missed features of social comparisons and to inspire a broader theoretical integration of social comparability methods.
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Additional info for Communal Functions of Social Comparison
In that sense, every social comparison is intrinsically social. If every comparison involves conceptualizing oneself relative to others, then a comprehensive model of social comparisons should be rooted in a model of the dimensions along which people conceptualize themselves relative to others. The following section summarizes the support for one such model. , 2006; Wiggins, 2003). The single greatest source of support for this model is the accumulation of decades of psychometric data. Factor analyses repeatedly show that the two dimensions of agency and communion account for a large proportion of the covariation in ratings of social behaviors and traits (Foa, 1961; Wiggins, 1979) as well as open-ended person descriptions (Heck & Pinkus, 2001).
Another strategy is to make contrastive comparisons that frame the superior other as too diﬀerent or distant from the self to be a relevant target for comparison (Alicke, LoSchiavo, Zerbst, & Zhang, 1997; Mussweiler, Gabriel, & Bodenhausen, 2000). A related strategy is to distance the self physically and emotionally from the superior other (Tesser, 1988), which tends to diminish the emotional impact of feeling inferior. However, this tactic for protecting status comes at the cost of undermining solidarity.
In this way, diﬀerences can contribute to group cohesion. Therefore, in order to be welcomed into cooperative relationships, people may want to identify and emphasize assets that they can contribute that are relatively rare. Lack of distinctiveness can imply that one is an expendable (rather than uniquely valuable) member of the group, which can undermine both communion and self-esteem (Leary & Cox, 2008). This is the logic behind the “Jigsaw Classroom” technique (Aronson & Patnoe, 1997), in which a group of students is given a shared task, and diﬀerent members of the group are given diﬀerent – but equally essential – pieces of the overall task.
Communal Functions of Social Comparison by Zlatan Križan, Frederick X. Gibbons