By Jeff C Pratt
Political hobbies the world over have such varied features and goals that it's tough to check them as a collective staff. activities which are class-based tend to be portrayed as shaped by way of financial different types of individuals pushed by way of fabric pursuits. in contrast the research of ethnic or nationalist pursuits has targeting the complexities of id formation inside of culturally outlined groups pushed by means of powerful passions. during this strange ebook, Jeff Pratt argues for the necessity to organize a brand new analytical framework that extends the research of id formation, and the ethnographic research of financial and social methods, to all political hobbies. developing a brand new analytical framework, he argues that political techniques contain associated parts: a 'discourse' (an id narrative which positions us inside social heritage) and a 'movement' (the strategy of association wherein neighborhood social divisions are reworked by means of their incorporation right into a wider movement). He illustrates his arguments with a bright mixture of case reports from around the final century together with Basque nationalism, Andalusian anarchism, Italian communism, the break-up of Yugoslavia, to the 'newer' political events in Europe, in French Occitania and the Italian Lega Nord. �Read more...
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Extra info for Class, nation, and identity : the anthropology of political movements
For this category of worker, wage-labour employment was sufficiently recent and uneven to generate areas of friction in the factory. According to Bell, entrepreneurs showed greater interest in training skilled operatives from urban workshops than in recruiting the unskilled of the city and surrounding countryside. By 1911, 58 per cent of Sesto’s workers were from skilled backgrounds. There was less direct recruitment of rural workers in Sesto than in other industrialising areas, and although ‘peasants’ of course had many skills and their own work culture, these were largely irrelevant to the needs of industry.
Pratt 01 chaps 18/11/02 17:03 Page 45 Northern Italy: ‘A World to Win’ 45 The study of Sesto raises questions about the relationship between the political culture of ‘skilled’ and ‘unskilled’ workers in the labour movement. This is an important theme in British social history, and can be followed up through the work of E. P. Thompson (1963) and subsequent commentaries (Kaye and McClelland 1990) or the work of E. J. Hobsbawm (1984b). The political events of the Red Years in Italy (1919–21) have been analysed very extensively.
This was a period when the demobilisation of conscript armies and the shock waves from the Bolshevik revolution generated political uprisings across Europe, from Andalusia to Bavaria. In Sesto the Socialists captured the town council in 1920, at the beginning of two years of tumultuous political activity (the biennio rosso), of strikes, demonstrations and factory occupations. The fascist reaction began with the brutal killing of left-wing activists in Sesto. Under fascism there continued to exist a militant communist underground, while the partisan organisations during the later stages 26 Pratt 01 chaps 18/11/02 17:03 Page 27 Northern Italy: ‘A World to Win’ 27 of the Second World War earned Sesto the epithet of ‘Italy’s Stalingrad’.
Class, nation, and identity : the anthropology of political movements by Jeff C Pratt