By Sabrina P. Ramet, O. Listhaug, A. Simkus
One of many critical demanding situations dealing with Macedonia, in addition to different Yugoslav successor states, is to enhance civic values and to wrestle such uncivic values as ethnic intolerance, spiritual bigotry, and homophobia. This quantity brings jointly experts in Macedonian affairs to provide insights into the stories and values of the Macedonians.
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Additional info for Civic and Uncivic Values in Macedonia: Value Transformation, Education and Media
Satisfaction with democracy: On the whole are you very satisﬁed, rather satisﬁed, not very satisﬁed, or not at all satisﬁed with the way democracy is developing in our country? 4 is satisfaction with the way democracy is developing. ” The ﬁgure presents the percentage in each country that gave one of the ﬁrst two answers. There are huge differences in satisfaction with democracy in Europe. Denmark, Switzerland, Cyprus, and Luxembourg are found at the top, closely followed by Norway, Sweden, Malta, and Kosovo.
In organizational activity, Macedonia, along with most post-communist countries, scored low, but higher than Turkey, Armenia, Poland, and Kosovo. As to participation in unconventional political activities, such as signing a petition, joining boycotts, attending demonstrations, and joining in unofﬁcial strikes, Macedonia scored much lower than the Scandinavian countries, but higher than most of the post-communist countries. In terms of traditional versus modern and secular values, Macedonia scored lower than average on modern gender-role attitudes, but at the same level as several other Yugoslav successor states as well as Western European countries such as Switzerland and Italy.
24 Values and Agents of Socialization Finally, the specter of social cleavages may also threaten the stability of a democratic system. Here we are considering not merely class cleavages but also ethnic, racial, religious, and cultural cleavages, as well as cleavages based on regional and urban–rural differences. While the spate of ethnically, confessionally, and racially inspired conﬂicts around the world serves to remind us of the minatory potential of social cleavages, such cleavages may also be viewed as a challenge, even as an opportunity.
Civic and Uncivic Values in Macedonia: Value Transformation, Education and Media by Sabrina P. Ramet, O. Listhaug, A. Simkus