By Professor Michael H. Crawford, Dr Benjamin C. Campbell
Migration is a common human task courting again to the beginning of our species. Advances in genetic sequencing have significantly elevated our skill to trace prehistoric and old inhabitants hobbies and allowed migration to be defined either as a organic and socioeconomic method. offering the newest learn, reasons and results of Human Migration offers an evolutionary standpoint on human migration prior and current. Crawford and Campbell have introduced jointly major thinkers who offer examples from various international areas, utilizing old, demographic and genetic methodologies, and integrating archaeological, genetic and historic facts to reconstruct large-scale inhabitants activities in each one area. different chapters talk about proven questions resembling the Basque origins and the Caribbean slave exchange. more moderen facts on migration in historic and trendy Mexico is usually offered. Pitched at a graduate viewers, this ebook will attract somebody with an curiosity in human inhabitants routine.
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Additional info for Causes and Consequences of Human Migration 1107644649: An Evolutionary Perspective
Et al. (2005). Single, rapid coastal settlement of Asia revealed by analysis of complete mitochondrial genomes. Science, 308, 1034–6. Mellars, P. (2006). Going east: new genetic and archaeological perspectives on the modern human colonization of Eurasia. Science, 313, 796–800. Pan-Asian SNP Consortium. (2009). Mapping human genetic diversity in Asia. Science, 326, 1541–5. Plagnol, V. and Wall, J. D. (2006). Possible ancestral structure in human populations. PLoS Genetics, 2, e105. , and Balloux, F.
2008). However, modern human genetic variation represents the history and demography of living people today, and it is unclear how recent population interactions, such as disease epidemics and colonial history, may have influenced genetic diversity among small and indigenous populations (Stock and Migliano, 2009). Overall, human history is characterized by major migrations and diasporas. While there is an increasing number of examples of past selection upon particular genes, many traits which influence phenotypic variation are polygenic, the cumulative product of many small effects (Wells, 2012; Wells and Stock, 2011).
Both social and physical energy capital confer maximal flexibility on life history “decisions,” enabling substantial time delay between the accumulation and expenditure of energy. Once again, the use of capital decreases the need for genetic adaptation to local ecological conditions, because energy may be stored in order to resolve stresses arising in the future. Energy stores, whether located in social relationships or in the body, may be particularly valuable for long-distance migrations, as they reduce the necessity of immediately obtaining total energy requirements upon entry into new, unfamiliar habitats.
Causes and Consequences of Human Migration 1107644649: An Evolutionary Perspective by Professor Michael H. Crawford, Dr Benjamin C. Campbell