By Jordi Gual
This succinct survey contains crucial financial coverage concerns dealing with eu governments and enterprise as they try to revive development to the region's flagging economic climate. even supposing written normally in a non technical kind, the e-book includes many of the sharpest research to be had of the industrial difficulties at the moment dealing with Europe's coverage makers and is key examining for tutorial or specialist readers drawn to ecu monetary improvement.
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Extra info for Building a Dynamic Europe: The Key Policy Debates
In a parliamentary system, voting discipline is crucial for political stability, since the survival of the executive depends on it. In a presidential system, it is less important. This is an additional argument in favour of a presidential system. As shown in Noury and Roland (2002) and in Hix, Noury and Roland (2002), voting discipline in the European Parliament is currently already comparable to that in the US Congress, but is still significantly below that in parliamentary democracies. In a presidential system, the European party system would have to be improved mainly for the selection of presidential candidates, every five years (to be in line with elections in the European Parliament).
Representation of European socioeconomic groups, capital, labour and the middle class would thus be better assured. Electoral campaigns would put forward EU-wide issues of interest to the broadest categories of voters. Representation of countries would still be assured in two ways: (a) the veto power in the Council with supermajority thresholds; (b) country representation in the Commission as decided in Nice. Such country representation in the Commission with one representative per country is clearly inefficient.
1. This counterfactual exercise makes the scenario of election of the president by the national parliaments even more attractive. A comparison with existing proposals The most prominent proposal is the one to replace the six-month rotating presidency by a president of the European Council elected every five years by the European Council as proposed by Prime Minister Blair, backed by Jacques Chirac and other European leaders (in particular Giscard d’Estaing, the chairman of the Convention). He would be the ‘president’ of Europe and Europe’s face to the outside world.
Building a Dynamic Europe: The Key Policy Debates by Jordi Gual