By Jackson Beatty
Biofeedback and behaviour: A NATO Symposium, hung on 27-30 July 1976 on the Max Planck Institut fUr Psychiatrie in MUnchen, used to be a mul tidisciplinary assembly that explored either theoretical and utilized concerns bobbing up from using biofeedback approaches for the keep watch over of visceral, crucial worried process and skeletal occasions. The symposium used to be multi nationwide in its composition. monetary aid for the symposium was once in the beginning supplied via the clinical Affairs department of the North Atlantic Treaty association as a part of their carrying on with sequence of medical symposia. cash made avail capable via a furnish from the U.S. place of work of Naval study enable ted familiar foreign participation within the symposium. The facil ities for the assembly have been graciously supplied by means of the Max Planck Institut ilir Psychiatrie. We thank each one of those agencies for his or her aid in making this symposium attainable. a distinct thank you is because of Dr. B.A. Bayraktar of the medical Affairs department of NA TO and Dr. Donald wooden ward of the U. S. workplace of Naval learn, whose tips contributed considerably to the association of this assembly. The making plans of this symposium used to be performed in session with participants of the organizing committee: Rolf Engel, Pola Engel-Sittenfeld, Laverne C. Johnson, George H. Lawrence, Gary E. Schwartz, and Da vid Shapiro. the ultimate kind of this symposium displays their contribu tions, for which we're thankful.
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Extra resources for Biofeedback and Behavior
This is particularly true of an automatic tracking system which must be returned to its "ball park" after lOSing track of its target. In orher words, the nervous system must employ a strategy which allows the major error factors to be anticipated so that the initial state as seen by the feedback mechanism is within the compensatory range (or "ballpark") of the feedback mechanism. The intelligent system, therefore, is not a bottom-up organizer but is, instead, a top-down organizer. Instead of blindly groping for the optimal filter design on each occasion, the intelligent computer preserves its most successful filters for subsequent "best guess" deployment.
On the assumption of a correspondence between past and future, the system then employs feedforward control to quickly approximate the previously successful "ball park" output settings. activity depends upon some calculus of the probable relevance of the higher order model. It seems to me that the association of feedback control with the lower levels of nervous organization and the association of feedforward control with the higher levels of the nervous system is a useful way of resolving many apparent paradoxes in organismic behavior which are not resolvable by less complex models.
The control variables, on the other hand, are concerned with information and planning. This distinction can be clarified by considering an important class of control systems called servomechanisms. These devices are automatic control systems in which the output of a (usually high-power) sybsystem (or effector) is made to comply with the commands or instructions given to it by a (usually low-power) SUbsystem called a controller. The controller and the effector (or "plant") can be, and frequently are, placed in locations which are remote from one another.
Biofeedback and Behavior by Jackson Beatty