By Thomas Kühne
Nobody has ever posed a passable reason for the extraordinary inhumanity of the Holocaust. What enabled hundreds of thousands of Germans to perpetrate or condone the homicide of the Jews? during this illuminating ebook, Thomas Kühne deals a provocative resolution. as well as the hatred of Jews or coercion that created a genocidal society, he contends, the need for a united “people’s community” made Germans conform and sign up for jointly in mass crime.
Exploring deepest letters, diaries, memoirs, mystery stories, trial documents, and different files, the writer indicates how the Nazis used such universal human wishes as group, belonging, and harmony to forge a country carrying out the worst crime in background.
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Extra info for Belonging and Genocide: Hitler's Community, 1918-1945
Of course, the risk of death did not challenge them as it had the trench soldiers, but even so, duties had to be shared on a fair basis. 57 The tone of such language is very much to the point. The youth movement succumbed to the pressure of the mythical community, which required subordination and denied individual freedom. Before 1933, nobody was forced to join the young people’s communities. ”58 The activities of these groups were seemingly harmless—boyish games and tests of courage—but in the broader political context they were part of the obsession with enforced communitybuilding in Germany around 1930 that was far from harmless.
The camp was located outside of Jüterboog. Not knowing how to get there from the train station, he and some prospective comrades deliberated about whether to order limousines. Some SA men, who looked forward more eagerly to the camp than Haffner, ultimately decided for them. They knew that entering a training camp in comfortable cars was not an appropriate option. Instead, they ordered the crowd to “form up in threes” and to march. ” Surprisingly to Haffner, ideological indoctrination did not play a major role in the Jüterboog camp.
The Nazi welfare program aimed simultaneously at the ideological elevation and the racial puriﬁcation of the German nation. ”11 The envisioned Volksgemeinschaft would be rid of Jews and other supposedly racially inferior groups, and at the same time insiders would be converted, reformed, and made uniform—not just outwardly but inwardly, in their thinking and habits. Winter Aid and other welfare programs in Nazi Germany promised charity to achieve conformity. They demanded self-sacriﬁce and attempted to erase “egotism” and selﬁshness, the mental conditions that were blamed for the divisions of Weimar society and for Germany’s surrender in 1918.
Belonging and Genocide: Hitler's Community, 1918-1945 by Thomas Kühne