New PDF release: Avesta Reader : First series, easier texts, notes &

By A. V. Williams Jackson

From the Preface:

THIS little booklet lays no declare to any distinctive benefit past furnishing in handy shape a few fabric for these starting to learn the Avesta. because it is meant in basic terms for an creation, and being designed because the first of a chain of studying books, the variety of pages of texts has been restricted. the choices the following given are akin to may possibly simply be mastered through a category in a single collage time period; the newbie, additionally, consistently unearths a definite measure of enjoyment and delight in a ebook that may be learn via in a relatively couple of minutes, and he feels he's creating a certain quantity of growth while one other publication needs to be taken up. With that during view, a moment quantity is being ready; this can comprise longer texts and should be so prepared as to suggest a step in advance.

the current choices in prose and verse, are really consultant, so far as excerpts could be, of Yasna, Visparad, Yasht, and Vendidad. The chapters Ys. 26 and fifty seven are given whole. The passage from Vd. 19 has the good thing about offering a specimen of texts during which grammatical decay is to be observed.

The notes commonly were made short and concise, however it is was hoping that beside being explanatory they'll additionally turn out important in giving the scholar an occasional trace concerning books of reference, and should therefore curiosity him within the literature of the topic. a quick record of valuable books has already been given in Avesta Grammar half i, p. xl-xlii. awareness is now often known as to the recent Avesta translation by means of Darmesteter, Le Zend-Avesta (3 volumes, Paris 1892-3), the final volumes of which reached me after the better a part of the current publication was once already in press; i used to be happy, although, to notice numerous co-incidences in interpretation of definite Yasht and Vendidad passages.

The vocabulary has been made a bit extra complete might be than is important; yet this used to be performed from a wish to provide the newbie a good commence. It appeared a good option, for instance, so as to add common grammatical references, and to designate the verb varieties in complete. a touch diverse plan might be within the moment Series.

with reference to the etymologies within the vocabulary, comparability has been constrained to Sanskrit, outdated Persian, Pahlavi, and New Persian. it truly is presupposed, after all, that the coed has made a few growth in Sanskrit. The comparisons with previous Persian, Pahlavi and New Persian are additional, in no way with the concept that they are going to be mastered by means of a newbie, yet in an effort to convey the scholar the significance of the Iranian in addition to the Sanskrit aspect of interpretation, and to familiarize him with the reviews subsequent corresponding to his topic. previous Persian is well mastered after Avestan, and the earnest scholar will quickly realize that the well-equipped student can't in fact lengthy dispense with Pahlavi and New Persian. The 'traditional' and 'comparative' technique needs to move hand in hand.

In getting ready the ebook i've got had ahead of me W. Geiger's Handbuch der Awestasprache, the guide with which I first begun my Avesta reviews. in fact C. de Harlez Manuel de l’Avesta, and Bartholomae's Altiranische Dialekte were usually consulted. Justi's Handbuch der Zendsprache was once inevitably used at each step; and Lanman's admirable Sanskrit Reader offered many a touch or apt English rendering for kindred Avesta-Sanskrit phrases. the cloth for comparability with outdated Persian was once drawn from Spiegel's Altpersische Keilinschriften; and that for comparability with Pahlavi phrases, more often than not from West's Glossary and Index of Arda Viraf. when it comes to New Persian, reference used to be made to Vullers' Lexicon Persico-Latinum and to Palmer's Persian-English Dictionary. Paul Horn's new Grundriss der Neupersischen Etymologie (Strassburg 1893) got here past due yet fortunately as i used to be analyzing the ultimate revision of the proof-sheets of the vocabulary....

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Additional info for Avesta Reader : First series, easier texts, notes & vocabulary

Example text

Dcln. Vd. 5. vbl. prefix 'away, forth', Gr. 733, 735. [Skt. [Skt. tp-} apajtara- (from a/a -(-l/^-iar-): sb. m. 'outlet'. Yt. 4,5. apanotima-: sn perl. adj. -Ys. 2; Ys. parently apandtoma- formed from apana- /] pf. ptcpl. 4. Ap- mid. \^dp- t apand-; hence^ 'having reached the most, highest, So Geldner. Skt. ap- is P. apa; Old supreme'; construed also with abl. Ys. 4. api^uta- (from ptcpl. adj. 'interrupted'. r*//+y/-): Cf. apupra- (from i <*+/<>): adj. 'childless'. Vd. 24. [Skt. aptr'n&y&ka- (from i a -f p3rna a//^-) sb.

The worship of Ardvi Sura Anahita was widely spread in the East. , Only here given. ); and she became the opening her name (AvatTts) familiar in Greece as sections and closing is found in Venus Anahita verse of the Strabo, " Yasht are Notes 42 to Yasht 5. Yt. 5-4for the masc. ) yeyke: a/ie Yt. 9 cf. see Gr. form, 903 N. i. and below. Yt. Jas'a'ti: mode subjunctive here, as also at Vs. 31 avasa'te, seems to denote the repetition or continuity of the act; the idea seems to be developed from the future force of Ys.

Ai TV yam a- (fiom a'loi -{- (t//ia-, Gr. 520): adj. 'exceeding strong'. Ys. 3. a*ru'$a-: 'white'. adj. a"rva/>a- (from a jt Ys. 27; Yt. 7; Yr. 9. Skt, arufd- [Cf. it~ (from l/ar-): warriors, m. * enemy'. Ys. 26. PM r [Skt. drvant-; Old [Skt. ela- arvand; 'this'. ) pron. ((Jr. sb. m. 'gallant -^ Ys. 2; (sleed*). Yt. 132; a, la-,- Phi. P. e, Yt. 13;. { -}- sb. n. ) a aeprapaili- (from ai'pra- (Phi. utfpat; a P. tar\ Skt. sumit-pdni+ 'pupil with fire-wood in his hand*. aepry Ys. 27; New Yd.

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Avesta Reader : First series, easier texts, notes & vocabulary by A. V. Williams Jackson


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