By Thomas Ambrosio
Ambrosio examines 5 innovations that an more and more authoritarian Russia has followed to maintain the Kremlin's political energy: insulate, bolster, subvert, redefine and coordinate. each one procedure seeks to counter or undermine neighborhood democratic traits either at domestic and during the former Soviet Union. guidelines corresponding to those are of significant problem to the starting to be literature on how autocratic regimes have gotten extra lively of their resistance to democracy. via unique case stories of every method, this booklet makes major contributions to our understandings of Russian family and international guidelines, democratization thought, and the coverage demanding situations linked to democracy advertising.
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Extra resources for Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union
Before the election campaigns, they received moral support, organizational advice, and financial assistance from NGOs and youth groups which were successful in prior cases. The Ukrainian youth groups—the most prominent of which was Pora! )—were not only well trained prior to the 2004 presidential elections, but they had also planned extensively for the expected electoral fraud. After the election, they formed the backbone of the mass street protests which eventually toppled the government. Consequently, youth movements played (and more importantly, were seen as playing) a crucial role in the spread of democratic revolutions in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union since 2000.
Although there �������������������������������������������������������� This claim is questioned in Filippov and Ordeshook 1997. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ Partly because of the negative legacy of party membership during the Soviet period, Yeltsin never joined a political party. Political Trends in the Former Soviet Union 33 was an election that was relatively free, the process leading up to the vote was certainly not fair. Rather than being a step toward democracy, the 1996 election was a sign that Russia’s illiberal tendencies were just beneath the surface.
Ekaterina Savina, ‘International Human Rights Group Says Democracy in Russia Keeps Declining’, Kommersant, 13 September 2006, 4, reproduced in Russian Press Digest, 13 September 2006. country=6818 &year=2005&page=0&view=mof&pf>, accessed 11 July 2008. 1 Average Freedom House ratings of former Soviet Union countries The Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia have a strong Western orientation and have been largely removed from the trends evident in the region.
Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union by Thomas Ambrosio