By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
A most effective mound web site deals a wealth of basic facts on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.the most important prehistoric mound web site in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is called Ocmulgee. It used to be first recorded in August 1739 via basic James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an day trip to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote largely of the ecology of the world in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity by means of Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, fairly of the Georgia Tribes, was once the 1st to regard the archaeological importance of the site.
Professional excavations begun at Ocmulgee in 1933 below the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management hard work. Investigations endured lower than various sponsorships until eventually December 1936, whilst the locality was once officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth hotel, and funeral mound printed an career of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound used to be came across to include log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items incorporated uniquely patterned copper solar disks that have been discovered at just one different web site within the Southeast—the Bessemer website in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been tested as contemporaries.
In this vintage paintings of archaeological learn and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided a whole therapy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally comparable them successfully to different identified cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.
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Extra resources for Archeology of the Funeral Mound: Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia
Kolomoki Complicated Stamped falls in the beginning of Mississippian time levels and is clearly an outgrowth of the Swift Creek I and II types. It has some added Mississippian elements such as round bases, straight necks, and red paint. Stamping is often confined to a band around the shoulder area or neck of jars and is somewhat less complicated than the Swift Creek II stamping. Rim folds are more elaborate and varied. In central Georgia, Swift Creek I and II are associated with a type of accretional mound that was not a burial mound nor is it described by Kelly as a temple mound (Kelly, 1938, pp.
The Lesser Temple Mound 130 feet to the northeast is now only a triangular remnant about 100 feet on each side. It rises about 10 feet to a flat top about 75 feet on each side. Most of the mound was cut away by the Macon, Dublin & Savannah Railroad in 1843 but considerable slumping has taken place since. These mounds are grouped together in the Ocmulgee National Monument catalogue system. The Funeral Mound is 1,100 feet northwest of the Great Temple Mound. At the beginning of work it was 230 feet east-west and 100 feet north-south.
CORNFIEL~ '" "'" ,.. ~ (-<.. , Note: Form of Mounds shown is assumed to approximate the original except where indicated by dotted lines. OBLITERATED MOUND EXISTING MOUND ROUTE OF TOUR FOOTPATH RAILROAD MONUMENT BOUNDARY GREAT TEMPLE MOUND [~~ ~ = MACON, GEORGIA NATIONAL MONUMENT OCJ'I\UlGEE • ~ SEPTEMBER 1955 NM-OCM·7002 Passing below these interments-which were evidently secondary in their character-and arriving at the bottom of the mound, a skull was obtained which differed essentially from those we have described as belonging to the later inhumation.
Archeology of the Funeral Mound: Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia by Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams