By Anatoly Liberman
This paintings introduces well known linguistics pupil Anatoly Liberman’s entire dictionary and bibliography of the etymology of English phrases. The English etymological dictionaries released some time past declare to have solved the mysteries of observe origins even if these origins were commonly disputed. An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology against this, discusses the entire latest derivations of English phrases and proposes the easiest one. within the inaugural quantity, Liberman addresses fifty-five phrases ordinarily pushed aside as being of unknown etymology. many of the entries are one of the most typically used phrases in English, together with guy, boy, lady, chook, mind, comprehend, key, ever, and but. Others are slang: mooch, nudge, pimp, filch, gawk, and skedaddle. Many, corresponding to beacon, oat, hemlock, ivy, and toad, have existed for hundreds of years, while a few have seemed extra lately, for instance, slang, kitty-corner, and Jeep. they're all united through their etymological obscurity. This precise source booklet discusses the most difficulties within the technique of etymological learn and includes indexes of matters, names, and all the root phrases. each one access is a full-fledged article, laying off gentle for the 1st time at the resource of a few of the main commonly disputed be aware origins within the English language. “Anatoly Liberman is without doubt one of the major students within the box of English etymology. unquestionably his paintings might be an essential software for the continuing revision of the etymological section of the entries within the Oxford English Dictionary.” —Bernhard Diensberg, OED advisor, French etymologies Anatoly Liberman is professor of Germanic philology on the college of Minnesota. He has released many works, together with sixteen books, such a lot lately observe Origins . . . and the way we all know Them: Etymology for everybody.
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Extra resources for An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction
Means that the etymology just cited can be found in the first three editions of Skeat’s dictionary, under the headword. In references to the dictionaries of Sanskrit, Classical Greek, Hebrew, and Slavic and to dictionaries like WP, page numbers are always given. Palatalized c and g in Old English words are not distinguished from their velar counterparts by dots or any other sign. In transliteration of words recorded in Cyrillic characters, diacritics have been avoided wherever possible. A Gothic word with an asterisk after it means that, although the word in question has been attested, the form cited in the book does not occur in the extant corpus.
Xlvi AN ANALYTIC DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH ETYMOLOGY An Introduction This page intentionally left blank Adz(e) Adz(e) Adz(e) Adz(e) ADZ(E) (880) tailed discussion of syncope and voicing in this word see Skeat (1887 = 1892:252) and HL (959 and 963). Among other forms, OED lists atch from the 17th century, and in the 1580 example nads appears (an adz > a nads). None of Scott’s regional forms (1892:182)—edge, eatch, eitch, eetch—appears in EDD; nor does EDD note the confusion of adz(e) and edge. Atch may have arisen after syncope, with /s/ > /tß/, as in sketch (HL, 810, where Sc its ‘adz’ is mentioned), but atch ‘adz’ is hard to distinguish from hatch ‘hatchet’ (a short-lived word; the earliest citation in OED goes back to 1704: hatch sb4; see also Fehr [1910:317]).
The present book has been written to test the chosen approach to the new dictionary. The entries reflect accurately the format to be followed in the future, but their text may not remain unchanged in the body of the dictionary. New information will inevitably lead to revision. Also, the longer one works on a project, the more experienced one becomes. Every new entry reveals some missed opportunities in the composition of those already written, brings new associations, and suggests formerly unsuspected moves.
An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction by Anatoly Liberman