By Robert Gilmore
Alice is set to go into an entire new Wonderland. It's Quantumland--a type of highbrow leisure park, smaller than an atom, the place each one allure demonstrates a unique element of quantum conception. There she'll meet an Emperor who thinks his new outfits into life, dance with the 3 Quark Brothers on the Particle MASSquerade, shuttle again in time (running into herself), and adventure all types of quantum results. Readers will find out about the Uncertainty precept, wave features, the Pauli precept, and different elusive techniques.
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Additional info for Alice in Quantumland: An Allegory of Quantum Physics
In the rest of this article we shall try to see how string theory attempts to address some of these issues. 4. String Theory The basic idea in string theory is quite simple. It says that the elementary constituents of matter are not point-like objects (particles) but onedimensional objects. These one-dimensional objects, also known as the fundamental (or elementary) strings, have very specific properties which determine the various modes in which the string can vibrate. However, to the present day experimentalists these strings appear as particles since their size is small compared to the distance scale that can be probed by the A.
We have no understanding, however, what it would mean that time itself would be an emergent concept. I like to depict our confusion in poetic form. Democritus expressed 2500 years ago the atomic hypothesis in the following verse: By convention there is color, by convention sweetness, by convention bitterness, But in reality there are atoms and space. I say: We are convinced that By convention there is space, By convention there is time, But in reality there is... The problem is that I do not know how to finish the verse.
Gross Why is space-time doomed? There are many reasons, among which: In string theory we can change the dimension of space-time by changing the strength of the string force. Thus, the so-called II-A string theory, which semi-classically describes closed strings moving in ten-dimensional flat space for very weak coupling is dual for strong coupling to a theory, called Mtheory, that at low energies is described by eleven-dimensional supergravity. By increasing the string coupling we can grow an extra dimension.
Alice in Quantumland: An Allegory of Quantum Physics by Robert Gilmore