By Constantin Malik
Wars, revolutions, and fiscal mess ups would not have to take place. there are methods to rework governmental regulations so one can stay away from such catastrophes. what's needed—argues administration specialist Constantin Malik—is to count on switch and to arrange for it. With this hugely instructive and provocative booklet, Malik brings administration idea to govt, suggesting a sequence of latest equipment and tools for profitable governance, methods in line with the most recent examine within the fields of crowd psychology and administration cybernetics.
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Additional resources for Ahead of Change: How Crowd Psychology and Cybernetics Transform the Way We Govern
This might sound simple, but in practice it will often be difficult to decide which measures serve this overall cohesion and which ones restrict the autonomy of the subsystems in an improper way. Today’s politics are a useful negative example. There is a clear overuse of the command channel in practically all countries. Over-regulation in all areas and government interference in far too many matters strangle the liberty of elements which should actually be given much more independence and 50 Ahead of Change Figure 17: Cybernetic interpretation of the centralization-decentralization problem (with the square representing the selection of a component, the dotted circle variety reduction, and the black circle showing increases in variety) Source: Malik, Fredmund: Strategie des Managements komplexer Systeme, 2003 autonomy, such as the member states of a country.
Being able to anticipate future events would be great progress. However, unless there are structural preconditions that allow for this knowledge to be properly used and for society as a whole to adapt accordingly, this ability will be useless. If I am a pedestrian standing in the middle of the road and I can see a car approaching, then this ability to see the car is worth something only if the information is properly processed in my brain and the muscles in my legs are then told to contract so that I get off the road before the car hits me.
Every system on every level of recursion needs to be able to maintain a separate existence over an undetermined period of time. 3 Conclusions The social systems that we live in, and especially society itself, are complex systems. A wrong kind of understanding of these systems and a plan of action to control them based on such a wrong understanding will eventually have disastrous consequences. Ashby’s Law will always assert itself and it does not care whether we care about it or not. Variety operates at all times whether we recognize it or not.
Ahead of Change: How Crowd Psychology and Cybernetics Transform the Way We Govern by Constantin Malik