Read e-book online A History of Science in Society: From Philosophy to Utility PDF

By Andrew Ede, Lesley B. Cormack

ISBN-10: 1442604468

ISBN-13: 9781442604469

A historical past of technological know-how in Society is a concise evaluate that introduces complicated principles in a non-technical type. Andrew Ede and Lesley B. Cormack hint the background of technology via its continuously altering position in society and discover the hyperlink among the pursuit of information and the need to make that wisdom useful.

In this version, the authors learn the strong highbrow trade among East and West and supply new discussions of 2 girls in technology: Maria Merian and Maria Winkelmann. A bankruptcy at the courting among technology and battle has been extra in addition to a bit on weather switch. The additional readings part has been up to date to mirror fresh contributions to the sphere. different new gains comprise timelines on the finish of every bankruptcy, 70 upgraded illustrations, and new maps of Renaissance Europe, Captain James Cook's voyages, the 2d voyage of the Beagle, and the most warfare entrance in the course of international warfare I.


A historical past of technological know-how in Society is an awesome book.... expert via fresh scholarship at the value of social buildings within the improvement of clinical principles, Ede and Cormack's concentrate on how ordinary philosophers and scientists more and more strove to make common wisdom invaluable retains the narrative centred and engaging. effortless to appreciate diagrams and a considerate use of illustrations and different aiding fabrics will drastically improve pupil mastery of adverse strategies. This ebook is obviously written through students who know the way difficult it truly is to coach the historical past of technology, and their superbly written, thorough, and fascinating booklet should be a great addition to many scholars' and students' bookshelves. (Deborah E. Harkness, collage of Southern California)

About the Author

Lesley B. Cormack is Dean of Arts on the collage of Alberta and the writer of Charting an Empire: Geography on the English Universities, 1580-1620 and co-editor with Andrew Ede of A heritage of technological know-how in Society: A Reader.

Andrew Ede is affiliate Professor of heritage on the college of Alberta and the writer of The upward push and Decline of Colloid technological know-how in North the US, 1900-1935: The overlooked Dimension and The Chemical point: A ancient Perspective.

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Additional resources for A History of Science in Society: From Philosophy to Utility (2nd Edition)

Sample text

Since testing was an unnatural condition, it was not part of the method of natural philosophy, which was to understand things in their natural state. It is tempting to find fault with Aristotle because of his rejection of experimentation, but this would be to argue that Aristotle’s objectives must have been the same as those of modern science. The object of study for Aristotle and modern science was nature and how nature functions, but the forms of the questions asked about nature were very different.

The head of al-Mamun’s research centre was Hunayn ibn Ishaq (808–873), a Nestorian Christian and physician, who grew up bilingual (Arabic and Syriac) and later learned Greek, perhaps in Alexandria. He translated over 100 works, many of them medical. His son and other relatives continued the translation work, in particular Euclid’s Elements and Ptolemy’s Almagest, both of which became important foundational texts for Islamic scholars. By 1000 almost every surviving work of Greek medicine, natural philosophy, logic, and mathematics had been translated into Arabic.

Without a plan detailing dimensions, it is impossible to know how much stone will be required to build it. The material cause of the wall is the stones and mortar. These materials impose certain restrictions on the finished wall; it might be possible to draw a plan for a 30-metre high wall with a base only 20 centimetres wide, but such a wall cannot be constructed in reality. The efficient cause is the stonemason; again, certain restrictions will be imposed on the wall by the limits of the mason’s abilities.

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A History of Science in Society: From Philosophy to Utility (2nd Edition) by Andrew Ede, Lesley B. Cormack

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