A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder - download pdf or read online

By J. R. Partington

ISBN-10: 0801859549

ISBN-13: 9780801859540

For almost six hundred years, from the battles of the early fourteenth century to the shedding of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima, firearms derived from gunpowder and different chemical substances outlined the frightful volume of warfare. The gear and fabrics utilized in global struggle i'd were primary to our distant ancestors. during this vintage paintings, first released in 1960, James Riddick Partington presents a global survey of the evolution of incendiary units, Greek fireplace, and gunpowder.Greek fireplace, a composition Partington believes used to be made up of a distilled petroleum fraction and different parts (but no longer saltpetre), was once so much famously utilized in the sieges of Constantinople and the Crusades. Partington strikes from its antecedents—other incendiaries utilized in historical warfare—to ecu gunpowder recipe books ( The Latin booklet of fireplace, Bellifortis, and Feuerwerkbuch) and the background of infernal machines, mines, canon, small fingers, and artillery. His ebook contains chapters on gunpowder and guns in Muslim lands, India, and China—including hearth books, using gunpowder as a propellant, the artillery of the Mughal Emperors, and using saltpetre in explosives. He lines the advance of gunpowder to eleventh-century China and cites the 1st recognized point out and imagine of a firearm in 1326. "The historical past of gunpowder and firearms has attracted many authors with various pursuits. the overall historian needs to take account of significant innovations effecting revolutions within the lifetime of international locations. The historian of technological know-how is worried as a rule with the discovery of gunpowder. The historian of know-how examines the improvement within the manufacture of explosives and guns, and how during which gunpowder has chanced on purposes within the peaceable arts. the army historian bargains regularly with using gunpowder as an explosive and a propellant... and the advance of firearms and their use in battle. No fresh booklet in English (or for that subject in any language) has tried a concise survey of the subject."—from the Preface

Show description

Read or Download A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder PDF

Similar conventional books

New PDF release: Firepower: A History of the American Heavy Tank

История создания тяжелых танков в США.

Download e-book for iPad: Jagdpanzer 38t Hetzer, 1944-45 by Hilary Doyle, Tom Jentz, Mike Badrocke

The Jagdpanzer 38 is likely one of the most sensible identified German armoured struggling with cars from international conflict II. Rushed into sequence creation within the list time of lower than 4 months, it used to be immediately recognisable by means of the graceful visual appeal created by means of its well-sloped armour. Many specialists in post-war armour carry the opinion that this tank destroyer was once simply the reply to Germany's challenge of facing the numerically more suitable American M4 Medium tank (known to the British military because the Sherman) and the Russian T-34.

Get M4 Sherman at War (2): 1941-1945 PDF

M4 Sherman at warfare (2): 1941-1945 КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ The M4 Sherman at warfare (2): 1941-1945 (Armor at conflict 7000)BySteven J. ZalogaPublisher: harmony Publications200172 PagesISBN: 9623616694PDF44 MBThis publication includes a brand new sequence of images of the M4 Sherman in wrestle with the USA military within the ecu Theater in the course of international struggle II.

Organizational History of Field Artillery, 1775-2003 by Janice E. McKenney PDF

The latest quantity within the military Lineage sequence, The Organizational background of box Artillery addresses the necessity for a latest paintings recording the old constitution, energy, disposition, materiel, and technical and tactical doctrine of box artillery within the U. S. military. В even though numerous books on box artillery have seemed during the last thirty years--some renowned histories and some scholarly works--this one is meant to stress the organizational constitution of the department instead of its guns or operations.

Extra info for A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder

Sample text

Canard^" (correcting Brooks^"), who says there were really five expeditions: three in the time of the Khalif Mu'-awiya in 665, 668 and 674; one under Sulayman ibn 'Abd al-Malik in 715; and one under al-Mahdi, commanded by his son Harun, in 782. Of these, only two were true sieges, viz. the one under Yazid and Abu Ayyub in 668, and that under Maslama ibn 'Abd al-Malik in 715, when Greek fire was used. The expedition of "seven years" (674-80) confounds sieges and simple raids; Turkish traditions have nine sieges.

Kedrenos (Cedrenus), Compendium Historiarum. Kgl. Konigliche. Konstantinos VII. De Administr. Imp. Konstantinos (Constantinus Porphyrogenitus), De Administrando Imperio. Liebig's Annalen. Annalen der Chemie, ed. J. Liebig. , Mim. Memoirs, M^moires. Mim. Acad. Inscriptions. Memoires de I'Acaddmie des Inscriptions, Paris. Mim. Acad. Imp. des Sciences de St. Pdtersbourg. M6moires de 1'Academic Imperial des Sciences de St. P6tersbourg (Leningrad). Mim. Acad. Sci. Memoires de 1'Academic des Sciences, Paris (to 1798 Royale, and various titles since).

The deiov dTTvpov, which Pliny®' calls "sulphur vivum, quod Graeci dTTvpov vocant," is native sulphur which has not been melted. The d'Aj opvKTos has been supposed by many authors®® to be saltpetre. e. dXs opvKTos, from salt crystallised by the heat of the sun {dXes avTofiaroi) from the water at the mouth of the river Borysthenes, and there is little doubt that the true meaning is rock-salt, which Dioskourides®" said is the more active salt (rtov Se dXwv ivepyearepov fxev eari TO opvKrov). , literally "dust," had many meanings; quicklime, an alkaUne lye filtered through wood-ashes and quicklime (causticised lye), and incense {araKTrj) which had "distilled" from resinous trees®^; it may thus be taken as equivalent to the fj-dwa of the older recipes.

Download PDF sample

A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder by J. R. Partington

by Jeff

Rated 4.64 of 5 – based on 32 votes